Essential Components Required in Film Making

23 Jun

Essential Components Required in Film Making

Movie or film production can be a complicated endeavor, especially to someone who has little or zero experience in the industry. It is a chaotic and complex task that requires a lot of thought and preparation concerning different aspects. Nonetheless, even for beginners, it is never too late to start learning as long as you have the drive to do so. A good starting point would be to familiarize yourself with the necessary gear and equipment needed for making films. Without the necessary equipment, it is impossible to materialize your imagination.

The kind of equipment you use, the locations in which you shoot, and your crew are determined by the amount of money you wish to spend. Even so, with or without money, there are essential components that you must have in place to make sure everything works out smoothly.  This article explores some of the basic film-making equipment that you must have in place before you embark on production.


A good camera is a fundamental component and one of the essential requirements in filmmaking. It acts as the eye of the filmmaker and without one, you just cannot record anything. The market has plenty of variety to offer if you want to buy a camera. Therefore, it is important that you set a budget before you set out to shop for anything so that you may get everything you need. Cameras come with varying price tags, and you will be surprised to find out that some of the top high definition models can cost as high as the cost of shooting a film. Look for low-budget options, which are there in plenty, and find one that you can afford and also that suits your shooting needs.


You can opt to shoot your film relying on the natural light, especially if you are shooting outdoors and want to capture the original look of the location. However, under different circumstances, you can use other forms of lighting to enhance the quality of the image. There is a vast range of lighting options to choose from which may also fall under different price tags. They allow you to integrate the exact type of lighting you want for a particular scene. You can also adjust the lights using different modifiers to get the shade or the clarity that you need. Therefore, it is important to take into account what you need for your lighting needs and set a budget that can accommodate those needs too. You can measure the intensity of the light using a light meter and adjust it to your preferred level.

Screenwriting and storyboarding software

The software helps you to remain organized when shooting the film. Unlike the typical word processors such as MS-Word, screenwriting software allows you to format your play quickly in a standard film format. There is a broad array of screenwriting software in the market with some coming in the form of mobile apps. On the other hand, a storyboard software helps you to pre-visualize the scenes in the sequence you intend to shoot so that you can see in advance what to expect and how the scenes appear.

Location scouting sheet

Before you start shooting your film, you must first take some time to pick the most appropriate location by comparing different areas and selecting the best. You can take notes on a location scouting sheet noting the pros and cons of each location. The notes will help you decide if the challenges of a particular area are too much to handle to shoot the film there.

Sound Equipment

No matter how right or crisp your visual images are, it all counts for nothing if you don’t compliment it with a clear sound. Most cameras come with a built-in microphone that may serve your audio needs occasionally. However, if you want the best sound quality for your film, you may want to consider using separate microphones. Cameras are often too omnidirectional and happen to be far off from the subject. Your production will be much more polished if you put a directional microphone on a boom pole. However, you will also need a mixer to level the sound if you want to have total control over the sound quality. Click here to learn more about microphones and compare the different models in the market.

Camera Accessories

Unless you fit your camera with additional pieces, it cannot function to its optimal level. Ensure that you have ample batteries to keep the camera rolling as you recharge others. Considering that most cameras come with SD cards or cassette tapes to collect the recording, make sure you have one of high quality and also a backup just in case something goes wrong. Additionally, make sure the memory card you put in place has sufficient space to accommodate the full footage. Some cameras are more advanced such that you can even change the lenses to capture a clearer and better quality image. Take into account all the accessories you want and see to it that you have them ready so as to enhance a smooth film-making experience. There is a broad range of accessories to choose one. Go for the ones you need and those that are compatible with your camera.


It is quite easy to differentiate a film that has been shot by professionals and one that is not. One of the pointers to a low-budget film is the little shakes that tend to occur as the cameraman follows the action. To avoid these little shakes and movements, you should consider purchasing a slider to polish your work and give your film a neat, professional look, especially when you are shooting a moving object. You don’t need to buy both since both the glide cam and a slider work in a similar way.  A slider can move smoothly back and forth on a single track, which is quite appealing whereas a glide cam can also do what a slider can and much more.


Irrespective of whether you are a seasoned film-maker or a beginner; there is no argument that you want your film to look as professional as possible. Using a crane or a jib exhibits professionalism in your work and also underlines your cinematic artistry. Whereas you won’t need a crane or a jib to shoot all your films, it makes you look professional while using it while also enhancing your work. They make it easier to take overhead shots as the camera can be moved both horizontally and vertically with ease

Makeup kit

A make-up kit comes with an assortment of beauty products and cosmetics as required by the makeup artist and also to match the film requirements. Some of the items found in a makeup kit include tweezers, brushes, mirror, powder puff, and moisturizers among others.